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The vulnerability to poverty estimates were, however, sensitive to the poverty line used and varied with household characteristics. Furthermore, water is usually sourced by women and young girls hence distant water sources increases the time burden of household chores and affects time for care in the case of women, and school attendance in the case of the girl child, ... Vulnerability-based adaptation is taken prior to the impacts of climate change and can minimize the impacts greatly (Adger and Vincent 2005). Ringler, 2009). Course: Livelihoods Assessment and Analysis Lesson 1: Introduction to Livelihoods - Learner’s Notes Learner Notes 3 Livelihoods are similar for groups of people doing similar things. Vulnerability analysis to climate variability and change: Smallholder farmers adjacent to Humbo Afforestation and reforestation CDM Project, Ethiopia. The Livelihood Vulnerability Index (LVI) approach was used to examine the levels of vulnerability. variability should be put in place. (2011) thus: Where: D is the diversity index, S The Livelihood Assessment Tool-kit Analysing and responding to the impact of disasters on the livelihoods of people [First Edition] Published by Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), Rome and International Labour Organization (ILO), Geneva April 2009. PDF | Climate change is ... Northern Region is the most vulnerable in terms of the overall livelihood vulnerability index, followed by the Upper East and Upper West regions. Such activities could include securing water, food, fodder, medicine, shelter, clothing. Objective of the Study 5 5 6 4. United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) vulnerability framework The livelihood vulnerability was assessed from exposure, sensitivity and adaptive capacity of the community and these were assessed using the methodology advocated by IPCC (2007) and aggregated as Livelihood Vulnerability Index (LVI). vulnerability while midland AES had higher capacity and lower vulnerability. Index: An aggregate or composite indicator that has been calculated from several different weighted com- ponents. This paper. 25. livelihood index. International Journal of Agriculture Sciences, ISSN: 0975-3710 & E-ISSN: 0975-9107, Volume 7, Issue 14, pp.-863-870. (LVI-IPCC) offers a tool to assess climate vulnerability through direct household surveys. macroeconomic indicators, for example, share of a, readily available. Highlands of Ethiopia. Pricing index The extent to which a price varies of inputs, commodities, and services over time that impacts the micro-business. The empirical results of the Friedman test indicates that timing of the onset of the rainy season which informed planting, and soil and plant health related strategies are the most important climate related strategies used by smallholder farmers in securing yield. The results of the binary logit model are also consistent with the probit model findings. This study examined the vulnerability of smallholder maize farming households to climate change in the Brong-Ahafo region of Ghana by employing the Livelihood Vulnerability Index with particular emphasis on access to and, Aim: To assess the community level vulnerability of two dominant Naga tribes, viz. The study was conducted in the year 2013-14. The livelihood capitals of 13 counties of the Aba Tibetan and Qiang Autonomous Prefecture were calculated according to the natural, human, social, physical, and financial capitals. PDF. Recognizing the physiographic and climatic diversity that exists in Through a combination and transformation of these assets, households are able to pursue different strategies that can, in principle, improve their household welfare. PDF. Time Frame of the Study 6 7 7. The multi-nominal logit model indicated that age, sex, total cultivated area, and perception of climate change have negatively influenced to adopt strategy 2 (use pesticides), while age, family size and perception of climate change have positively influenced the farmers to adopt strategy 5 (use pesticides + take financial loan). Using an upper poverty line, the estimates of vulnerability show that about 56% of households in Ghana are vulnerable to poverty in the future and this is higher than the currently observed poverty level of about 29%. Livelihood Status Index: Poverty and Inequality Assessment in Gujarat. Study Design: Exploratory research design. Conclusion: The Angami and the Ao Naga tribes falls under subsistence level of vulnerability and any minor change in strength of exposure or sensitivity or weakness in adaptive capacity may force On the other hand, illiteracy limits smallholder farmer's access to information especially from written sources, thereby increasingly their susceptibility to climatic stresses, ... On the other hand, utilization of a natural water source is likely to lead to an increase in a household's vulnerability to water borne diseases and water scarcity due to inadequate rainfall. Livelihood Status Index: Poverty and Inequality Assessment in Gujarat. In this paper, we have assessed the role of livelihood diversification in household well-being in Humla, a remote mountain district in west Nepal. Results suggest that Moma may be more vulnerable in terms of water resources while Mabote may be more vulnerable in terms of socio-demographic structure. Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate, http://www.encapafrica.org/documents/biofor/Climate%20Change%20Assessment_Ghana_%20FINAL.pdf. The present study aimed to identify the adopted strategies by the farmers and contributing factors that affected the adaptation strategies in the northern region of Bangladesh. The results of adaption strategies showed different variations on pesticides usage. Objective of the Study 5 5 6 4. Place and Duration of Study: The study was conducted in Mokokchung and Kohima district of Nagaland, the abode of the Ao and the Angami respectively. This study estimates the level of vulnerability of smallholder farmers to climate change and variability in northern Ghana using the Livelihood Vulnerability Index highlighting access to, and utilization of water resources. This is a natural starting point for poor rural producers with low levels of capital, who may be able to restructure their production mix more easily than to invest in A person's livelihood (derived from life-lode, "way of life"; cf. Livelihood outcomes are the achievements or outputs of livelihood strategies, such as more income, increased well-being, reduce vulnerability, improved food security and a more sustainable use of natural resources. OVERVIEW OF THE COPING STRATEGIES INDEX Introduction The Coping Strategies Index (CSI) is an indicator of household food security that is relatively simple and quick to use, straightforward to understand, and correlates well with more complex measures of food security. Insight into farmers' agricultural adaptive strategy to climate change in northern Bangladesh, Vulnerability assessments, identity and spatial scale challenges in disaster-risk reduction, Application of Livelihood Vulnerability Index to Assess Risks from Flood Vulnerability and Climate Variability - A case Study in the Mekong Delta of Vietnam, Vulnérabilté des moyens de subsistance des ménages agricoles au changement climatique: cas de Boukombe et de Kerou au Bénin, Adaptation Strategies of Smallholder Farmers to Climate Change and Variability: Evidence from Northern Ghana, Belay Simane & Benjamin F. Zaitchik & Jeremy D. Foltz, 2014. Interventions of this type often aim to reduce the structural vulnerability of livelihood systems by focusing on: For each AES, an LVI index, adaptive capacity metric, and LVI-IPCC vulnerability score was calculated. Livelihood diversification strategies, including crop, labour and income diversification, are important in these contexts, although the motivations and outcomes may vary significant. Results show that the overall LVI of Phu Huu village located in the early flooded zone is higher than that of Ta Danh village located in the late flooded zone. The extent of the impact of climate change in agriculture depends on the level of vulnerability or exposure of farmers to these impacts. This study applied the livelihood vulnerability index (LVI) to estimate flood vulnerability of Phu Huu and Ta Danh villages in An Giang province. As a result, both the Angami and the Ao were considerably vulnerable (LVI= ‒0.156 and ‒0.120 for the Angami and the Ao respectively). We We surveyed 200 households in each district to collect data on socio-demographics, livelihoods, social networks, health, food and water security, natural disasters and climate variability. livelihood vulnerability index (MLVI) of 0.56 showed that on the average 56% of women processors and traders in the district were multidimensionally vulnerable based on the given aggregated deprivation cut off and were most deprived in in social capital indicators such as social network and extension service. Environmental Protection Agency, EPA, (2009) in W, www.iwmi.org/Publications/IWMI_Research_Reports/index.aspx. development). The technique measures the tendency to be poor in future as a result of climatic extremes. A composite index approach was taken to calculate livelihood vulnerability and qualitative methods to understand how exposure, sensitivity, and adaptive capacity measured by sub-indices produced vulnerability. Agroecosystem specific climate vulnerability analysis: application of the livelihood vulnerability index to a tropical highland region, Vulnerability does not just fall from the sky: Toward multi-scale pro-poor climate policy, We're managing! The sustainable livelihoods framework helps to organize the factors that constrain or enhance livelihood op-portunities and shows how they relate to one another. LIVELIHOOD ANALYSIS In the Rayagada Block of the Gajapati District, Orissa A Joint Effort of Centre for Community Development (CCD) & International Development Enterprises (India) IDEI. This study situates vulnerability in the context of natural hazards. A livelihood index has been developed for different agro-climatic zones of India, based on the secondary data for TE 2003. Interventions of this type often aim to reduce the structural vulnerability of livelihood systems by focusing on: livelihoods to reduce the poverty and vulnerabilities of women in climate change affected areas. social vulnerability to climate change in Ghana. Reports may be copied freely and cited with due acknowledgment. One community/village under each district, dominated by one, Join ResearchGate to discover and stay up-to-date with the latest research from leading experts in, Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. Within these regions we find considerable differences between districts that can be explained only partly by socioeconomic variables with further community and household-scale research required to explain the causes of differences in vulnerability status. The term "Sustainable Livelihood" is used here to refer to a livelihood that can cope with and recover from stresses and shocks, maintain or enhance its capabilities and assets both now and in the future, while not undermining the natural resource base. The livelihood assets, conditions can vary dramatically over relatively short distances. This study examined the vulnerability of smallholder maize farming We developed the Livelihood Vulnerability Index (LVI) to estimate climate change vulnerability in the Mabote and Moma Districts of Mozambique. Lawra district. It is defined in terms of the ability of a social unit to enhance The absence of adequate research in the area of future poverty or vulnerability to poverty has also contributed to the focus on current welfare. CPHP Livelihood Analysis 1 Index Contents Page Number Acknowledgement 1. 1 in 2009’s GDP ranking. Even though such practices have been documented in other parts of Africa, information on Ghana and particularly northern Ghana is scanty. ... Further, the implementation of the LVI tends to focus at the household level as the smallest unit of analysis, obscuring intra-household vulnerability (e.g. Macroeconomic data because of its aggregate, variable, frequency of occurrence to climatic stress, measuring the level of e, exception of precipitation and temperature data, i, therefore necessary to standardize each as an index using eq, number of sub-components in each major componen, major component and are included to ensure that all sub. Sickness increases the vulnerabilit. SLSI is a composite index having three component indices, i.e. This tool collects information on food security and livelihoods. For instance, Shanghai ranks No. Further, we illustrate a means of operationalising intersectional, situational framings of identity to achieve greater and more productive understandings of hazard vulnerability than available through the application of general determinants of vulnerability to specific places and cases. Data were aggregated using a composite index and differential vulnerabilities were compared. The results imply that policies directed towards poverty reduction need to take into account the vulnerability of households to future poverty. vulnerable followed by the Upper East Region and then Upper West Region. Although they may allow for policy-level legibility at high levels of spatial scale, these approaches suffer from attribution problems that become more acute as the level of analysis is localised and the population under investigation experiences greater vulnerability. Partly, this is because these regions have the lowest adaptive capacity due to low socioeconomic development and have economies based on rain-fed agriculture. The study used cross section data from the Fifth Round of the Ghana Living Standards Survey (GLSS 5) with a nationally representative sample of 8,687 households from all administrative regions in Ghana. Investigative Team 6. These results have implications for the initiation and implementation of climate change adaptation and household resilience projects by the government, donor agencies, and other related organizations in the two municipalities in the region. Households with ill members were vulnerable to poverty. Each report is reviewed internally by IWMI staff, and by external reviewers. This study evaluates new multi-scale, multi-indicator methods for assessing the vulnerability of crop production to drought at a national and regional scale. Observations & Analysis 9 Human Capital agriculture cannot therefore be overemphasized especially for, Ghana just like many other tropical countries is very much vulnerable to. for climate resilient development strategies, as exposure to climate variability and change, A series of questions about how households manage to cope with a livelihood resources may be seen as the ‘capital’ base from which different productive streams are derived from which livelihoods are constructed. this study made it possible to make a comparative analysis of the deprivations suffered by Results of the study shows that Northern Region is the most exposed region to climate change and variability. Livelihood vulnerability index analysis: An approach to study vulnerability in the context of Bihar Climate change is impacting on climate dependent activities such as agriculture in Africa and Ghana. The important thing to recognise about the term is that it is always subject to negotiation. However, the focus of most policies in developing regions has been on current welfare to the neglect of forward-looking welfare analysis. 1.2 Livelihood approaches in fragile contexts 8 1.3 Motivation and methodology 9 2 Somalia case study 10 2.1 Context 10 2.2 Resilience pathways and outcomes 11 2.3 Beneficiaries, equity and inclusion 15 2.4 Actors and stakeholders – systems and partnerships 16 2.5 Enabling environment and barriers 17 3 Zimbabwe case study 19 3.1 Context 19 Introduction . processing) and social protection programs in order to reduce out. The livelihood of the people in the dynamic coastal regions of Bangladesh is highly dependent on nature and thus is vulnerable to climatic events. livelihood options and on how well households are able to handle risks. This index is however limited to measuring vulnerability to drought only. Livelihood diversification may take place when rural producers change the composition of agricultural products they produce. While sensitivity is the degree to which a system is adaptive capacity (socio-demographic profile, livelihood strategies, social networks) and (natural disaster) exposure (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [IPCC] 2001), which altogether constitute the essence of the livelihood vulnerability index (LVI) of Hahn, Riederer and Foster (2009). We call a “livelihood group” a group of people who access similar resources, share similar social and cultural values and have a comparable economic status. Introduction 2. © 2008-2021 ResearchGate GmbH. An Giang province of the Mekong Delta is the most vulnerable province to flood and climate variability impacts. About IWMI IWMI’s mission is to improve the management of land and water resources for food, livelihoods and the environment. water sources and to reduce conflicts over water. Climate-related hazards exacerbate other stressors, often with negative outcomes for livelihoods, … The probit model indicated that age, education, the cultivated area in an acre, housing pattern, perception on climate change and meal per day influence the farmers to triggers an adaptive strategy. In this article, we locate the source of this problem in a spatial scale mismatch between the essentialist framings of identity behind these generalised determinants of vulnerability and the intersectional, situational character of identity in the places where DRR interventions are designed and implemented. 55 Sustainability Research Institute Paper No. The data is based on a survey of 320 farm households, complemented with secondary data on rainfall and temperature. The framework has come into widespread use by civic and public sector organizations around the world. This makes it particularly appropriate for analyses at sub-community and community scales. Some research reports are narrowly focused, analytical and detailed empirical studies; others are wide-ranging and synthetic overviews of generic problems. The Coping Strategies Index: A tool for rapidly measuring food security and the impact of food aid programmes in emergencies1 Dan Maxwell, Ben Watkins, ... important to understand longer-term livelihood strategies in an emergency, research has shown that the management of short-term consumption strategies is an accurate indicator of food security. A number of multi-stakeholder community meetings were held in all the study Unions, at which stakeholders were invited to provide necessary information on the climate conditions they face and the types of We surveyed 200 households in each district to collect data on socio-demographics, livelihoods, social networks, health, food and water security, natural disasters and climate variability. the meteorological data is between 2002 and 2011. Measuring the livelihood vulnerability index of a dry region in Indonesia: A case study of three subsistence communities in West Timor. The approach estimates vulnerabilities in terms of exposure, sensitivity and adaptive capacity. Through simple random method and based o. period for the climate events data was from 2002 to 2011. This study makes it possible to analyze the vulnerability to livelihoods on climate change in As the farmers in these regions are highly dependent on traditional farming practices , thus, this study suggests that the combinations of the farmers' indigenous knowledge with well-developed methodical adaptive measures are required to improve the socioeconomic livelihood of the farmers in the northern part of Bangladesh. Indices being relative values are compared across three regions in Ghana within the study sample only. Sample Size & Criteria for Sample Selection 8 9. OG lib-leit) refers to their "means of securing the basic necessities (food, water, shelter and clothing) of life".Livelihood is defined as a set of activities essential to everyday life that are conducted over one's life span. Coping Strategies Index: Field Methods Manual Second Edition 2 1. 1.2 Livelihood approaches in fragile contexts 8 1.3 Motivation and methodology 9 2 Somalia case study 10 2.1 Context 10 2.2 Resilience pathways and outcomes 11 2.3 Beneficiaries, equity and inclusion 15 2.4 Actors and stakeholders – systems and partnerships 16 2.5 Enabling environment and barriers 17 3 Zimbabwe case study 19 3.1 Context 19 Methodology 7 8. These are associated with all types of livelihoods interventions and with all their phases (emergency, post-emergency, recovery and development). Background of the Study 3. Climate change is adversely affecting smallholder farming households in Africa and in particular in Ghana because their activity depends on climate-regulated water resources. 1. The reports are published and distributed both in hard copy and electronically (www.iwmi.org) and where possible all data and analyses will be available as separate downloadable files. Moreover, households with poor hygiene conditions were also vulnerable to future poverty. The aggregated adaptive capacity of both the communities was same (both having adaptive capacity value=0.70) which was also statistically at par at p= .05. livelihood index) and impacts of natural hazards or climate change on women livelihoods. This indicates that there are distinctions between the measurement system which adopt GDP and livelihood index as the evaluation criteria respectively. This study used both qualitative and quantitative designed, tested and administered at the household level. Here we apply the LVI-IPCC to communities of Choke Mountain, located in the Blue Nile A short summary … OG lib-leit) refers to their "means of securing the basic necessities (food, water, shelter and clothing) of life".Livelihood is defined as a set of activities essential to everyday life that are conducted over one's life span. 15. Several indigenous climate-related practices and technologies categorised into four strategies were identified. The paper is based on primary data collected through a household survey, community focus group discussions and key informant interviews in order to identify the adaptation responses of smallholder farmers in northern Ghana to climate change and variability. • HDDS and FCS are typically recognized as proxies for food quality … Can, Tu & Hoanh 2013; ... To estimate climate change vulnerability the LVI (livelihood vulnerability index) was developed by using multiple indicators to assess exposure to natural disasters (including floods) and climate variability, social and economic characteristics of households that affect their adaptive capacity, and current health, food, and water resource characteristics that determine their sensitivity to climate change impacts [2]. The questionnaire. In particular, we illustrate how a quantitative national and regional study is a critical first step in assessing differences in the drought sensitivity of food production systems and show how such an assessment enables the formulation of more targeted district and community level research that can explore the drivers of vulnerability and change on a local-scale. This definition implicitly considers both (ex-ante) ... and weighted to come up with an overall index called the “resilience score”.’ Radar charts are used to visualize relationships between the … We developed the Livelihood Vulnerability Index (LVI) to estimate climate change vulnerability in the Mabote and Moma Districts of Mozambique. Same as above: Adapted from DHS (2006) Introduction 2. Based on a sample of 240 households in the two district, The ~LSI has the … Thousand of households are being at risks due to severe annual floods. found that each of these metrics varied systematically across AES. development). prior to the fifth round of the Ghana living standards survey. climate impacts, and adaptive capacity differ between communities located within common

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