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livelihood diversification examples

Primary data were collected from 220 respondents using structured questionnaire. A full list of livelihood activities is in Supplementary Table 2. 5. Livelihood literature (Hussein and Nelson 1999; Ellis 2000) suggests that though exogenous trends and shocks play an important role in pushing rural people towards a diversified livelihood strategy, diversification choices are also firmly rooted in the micro-economic logic of … Agriculture in developing countries is unable to meet food needs of rural people. livelihood alternatives and level of entry barriers [7]. 0000004955 00000 n 103 69 0000001676 00000 n livelihood activities like the sale of charcoal and firewood, fruits petty trade, labor exchange, migration, and etc to generate some income in addition to agriculture to fight mainly the food insecurity, but without detail awareness of its wider contribution in poverty reduction [1]. Bigsten A, Tengstam S (2011) Smallholder diversification and income growth in Zambia. 0000008009 00000 n 0000003875 00000 n Researchers have shown that in the Sahel, crop producers are increasingly keeping livestock and herders increasingly engage 6 Diversification of livelihoods is essential in Namibia because of the semi-arid to arid conditions in which the highest rainfall areas are marginal for rain-fed crop production and drought is a common occurrence. startxref 0000003254 00000 n A further 48 were listed as labor or piecework, which is likely to be farm based. An in-depth analysis of charcoal producers' livelihoods presented in this study has revealed clear direct (e.g. For example, it is fairly well known that the poor diversify in less advantageous labour markets than the better-off, i.e. 0000006033 00000 n For instance, in particular circumstance migratory wage labor may result so cost/effective to push the household away from conventional on-farm activities. 0000003642 00000 n 472. %PDF-1.2 Several livelihood diversification strategies used by the respondents which include; artisan, hunting and gathering, paid labour, trading and hawking; which could be categorized into two, better explained as off-farm and non-farm income-generating activities. Journal of African Economies 20(5) 781–822. 0000013590 00000 n The study investigated the role of livelihood diversification strategies for rural household food security in Kembata Tembaro Zone, Southern Ethiopia with … Livelihoods diversification was influenced by factors like markets, climate, population, land shortages, institutions, policies, and livelihoods assets. 0000006341 00000 n The statistical tools used to analyse the data were descriptive statistics, logit regression and t-statistics. 0000004336 00000 n Livelihood Diversification: A Streatagy for Rural Income Enhancement. Just prior to publication of the White Paper Carney (1998) provides a simpler vision but also one which has resonance with that of Chambers and Conway: “A livelihood comprises the capabilities, assets (including both material and . livelihood diversification and the welfare implications of such decisions by agricultural households, this study examines and evaluates the importance of some selected proxies of the reforms in Ghana. ��4T�X :�?�pb���t�|:E5�W�)����Fn�����ltf~��^��2ao��E�2�+�Y�c��vm���8t����!�[ yj�s��e�v�Dc��yF]yͅ>�V���n��(�C�oV���[J���R1D� �hߨ ���]�D�� 9Ҍ�;D�^�Q���_b�e����n�C@۰lboF��ep���)1� Livelihoods Diversification Analysis: Final Report 3 The livelihoods of FGD participants spanned nearly 70 different types of activities/occupations, including agriculture, embouche (livestock fattening), auto and motorbike mechanics, electricians, small traders, With respect to ecosystem-based livelihoods, there is more household participation in fishing and seaweed farming, but it varies from village to village. 0000006618 00000 n xref 0000005110 00000 n 0000005266 00000 n 0000012539 00000 n Examples of businesses include selling produce such as tomatoes, mandazi (a dough bun), and fish. 0000006499 00000 n 0000003487 00000 n /Filter /FlateDecode • Livelihood diversification is but one means of managing the range of risks poor and near poor households face, including those associated with agriculture-based livelihoods. In total 408 livelihood activities were undertaken, of which 245 (60%) involved farming. %%EOF 0000005574 00000 n 0000005727 00000 n 0000004800 00000 n 0000006420 00000 n 0000003023 00000 n in casual, part-time and unskilled work compared to full-time work or substantive self-employment. For rural people, agriculture and other natural resource-based activities may play an important role, but rural households also diversify into other activities, some of which are linked to agriculture and the natural resources sector, others which are not. 0000020001 00000 n 0000005032 00000 n 171 0 obj<>stream Diversification of livelihoods is a commonly applied strategy for coping with economic and environmental shocks and instrumental in poverty reduction. 0000004722 00000 n The use of natural resource-based livelihood sources to increase income and reduce poverty has a … 0000002787 00000 n Thisstudy focused on analyse of livelihood diversification by farming households in Kachia, Kagarko and Jaba Local Government areas of Kaduna State, Nigeria. 0000012899 00000 n 0000003410 00000 n 0000007895 00000 n 0000006262 00000 n the process by which rural households construct an increasingly diverse portfolio of activities and assets in order to survive and to improve their standards of living’’ (p. 15). Some may depend virtually solely on crops (often only maize and beans), or mostly on livestock, while others grow crops, have goats and a dairy cow, plus grow fruit and have some off-farm income. �q�����*4(��LDGd�G-c���Y1��W���M�� =Gko@��7�*NT61�P"��������g�Yסf�^lge��X/A�w�̾ %��6��)�z�=�0�

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